A Newbie’s Guide To Fly Fishing

A Newbie’s Guide To Fly Fishing:

Do you want to learn to fly fish?   Fly fishing is a fun and wonderful sport and hobby.  It can get you up close and personal with the peacefulness and peace of nature. It also provides you with the sporting challenge of outsmarting the fish.

Fly fishing will seem quite challenging at first, but don’t worry. This Fly Fishing for newbie’s guide is planned to teach you all the basics. It can give you the knowledge and some of the basic tools to get out there and start fly fishing!

Fly Fishing for newbies. Our goal – provide the basic information to educate those wanting to start enjoying the sport of fly fishing. We want to provide information, insight, and share our knowledge. So you can make informed decisions on buying equipment, choosing flies, casting, and where to fish.

Keep It Simple:

You will need to try and keep it simple. If you’re not sure how to start fishing, the most important thing to remember is to start simple. Prevent yourself from becoming extreme with the details. Fishing is a life-long learning process, so take small steps, try to learn one or two things. Things such as how to tie a clinch knot to attach a fly on your line.

Pick out a fishing spot that is close to where you live. Fishing isn’t much different than from going to the gymnasium to exercise. You are likely to stick with it if you have a good place to go on a regular basis. Look for lakes, rivers, ponds, private fishing places that are easy to get to and close to your home.

First, you buy a fishing license. Once you decide a local fishing spot in mind, a good next step is to buy a fishing license. You will need to decide if you plan to go freshwater fishing or saltwater fishing. This will help you decide which type of fishing gear you need to purchase.

For the type of fishing that you will be doing it’s important to know your local fishing regulations and rules. You’ll need to know how many fishing poles that you are allowed to use for bait fishing. Then how many hooks you can have on each line. Then the types of hooks, size, and limits of the fish you are allowed to keep. You will also need to know the fishing regulations that you are allowed to fish for some fish and so forth.

Fishing safety is not only very important for yourself it’s important for other fishermen, women, and children around you.

Some helpful guide to newbie’s for fly fishing success


Before going out, do a lot of practice casting a few more times following your guided lesson. A great place to develop your casting ability is a footy elliptical. By cutting the barb off the hook on your fly it won’t get hooked up in the grass. If you practice on an elliptical can save you lost fishing time and frustrations out on the water

Breathe…it’s only a knot:

Fly fishing can indeed be frustrating for newbies. The steps of flip your fly back and forward will sometimes confuse your line. This can and will happen a lot at the start. This can sometimes cause you to get a loop or what we call a wind knot. Slow down and enjoy the view and untie the knot and try not to get frustrated.

Keep quiet:

Fish can feel you walking heavily over the rocks as you make your way towards the river. The vibrations that you create can be enough to turn your chances of catching a fish into a total disaster. Treat the riverbank or lakeside as a nesting ground: the longer you remain invisible, the more likely you are to catch fish.


Doing some surveying before fishing allows you to look for insect hatchings, observe what fish are feeding on. Then find some fish feeding zones, find the best approach and work out a safe passage to wade.

Fishing Tools:

When starting on the path to learning how to fly fish, you can easily become overwhelmed. Just the amount of equipment that is necessary in order to get started fly fishing. Here are some necessary items that can get you out and on the water in no time. Then you can leave all of the extra accessories that aren’t necessary at home.

Fly Rod:

You need a fly rod to start fly fishing. There are many different kind and models available that you can choose from any of these. A good rod to start with in my opinion is a rod that is nine (9) feet in length and either a five (5) or six (6) weigh. We can get more into the weights and lengths down the road. The basic idea is that the lighter weight rod (all the way down to 0) is usually used for smaller fish or smaller streams.!  With a 5 or 6 weight nine-foot fly rod, it can be used to fish for anything from small panfish, to big trout.

Newbie’s:   also take a few options in view to sections of the rod. Nowadays you can find that 2, 3, 4, and 5-piece rods are very common. 

Fly Reel:

Fly reels have two different types of drag systems – the disc-drag and the spring-and-pawl. Both are very good drag systems, but the “spring and pawl” type is now difficult to find. This is because the “disc-drag” fly reels have become increasingly popular.

The “spring-and-pawl” drag system is the original system and is just as good as the day it was invented. This type of drag system uses gears inside of the fly reel. This is to allow the fly line to leave the reel at a steady and uniform rate. This is a type of drag system that is very good for trout and other smaller fish.

Your fly reel will get wet so try to make sure that the reel is made of non-rusting components.

Fly Reels that cost less than $30 are generally cheaply made inside. The drag is uneven and they break down quickly. If you spend just a little more and you’ll get a fly reel that can last decades.

You need to get a single retrieve fly reel (the most common). Don’t get an automatic or multiplying retrieve, which is nice for saltwater fishing but not for freshwater fly fishing.

Remember, make sure that you match up the fly line weight with the fly reel weight. So, if you have a 4-weight line, you want to a fly reel that is designed for a 4-wt line. And then match that with a 4-weight fly rod.

You should order a spare spool when you order the fly reel. You will want and need a spare spool sooner or later. Then by the time you want it the type of spool you want will no longer be sold.

Fly Line and Backing:

To go with your fly reel, and one of the most necessary parts to get started fly fishing is the backing. This is a braided line that you attach to your reel it usually comes in 20 or 30-pound test. Then you attach your fishing line to this because most fly fishing lines are only 80 to 100 feet long. So you fill your reel with backing then tie your fly line to it. This is so if you hook the big one he doesn’t take all of your line with him.

Next is the fly line they are available in many different types from floating, sinking, sink-tip, etc. In the future, these will be made clear more in-depth. A basic line that would recommend getting started for newbies is the Weight Forward line. This line tends to be the easiest to learn to cast on. This is because the volume of the line weight is built into the front part of the line. Another type of line is the Double Taper. A newbie could use this to start out with, and might not notice a big difference. But you will find double tapered lines to be more focused on what they can do.

Leader and Tippet:

The leader and tippet are what join the end of the fly line to your fly. The necessity of these two parts is to allow you to cast and have your line lay smooth down. This happens when you transfer the energy through the fly line and down to the fly. The leader and tippet are tapered to allow this practice

To put your line on your fishing reel follow these basic tips.

Attach the line to the reel with an arbor knot.

Take your free hand and use your thumb and index finger to put light pressure on the line. By putting pressure as you turn the handle you will make sure that the line goes on equally and smoothly. This will help in preventing tangles later on.

Fill the spool with the line until it’s roughly a 1/4 of an inch from the rim. The rim is the lip at the top of the reel.


Daves Dragon Fly Nymph. A big variety of the basic fly patterns is important to get you started fly fishing. You can get assortments that include a range of dry flies, nymphs, and streamers to get you started. Flies are usually for fly fishing but with a clear bubble float, you can also use them with spinning equipment. Flies are designed to imitate natural prey such as insects, larvae, baitfish, and frogs. The Wolley bugger flies in a size 8,6, or 4 hooks and the rest are in 12 to 22 range. You can buy an assortment of flies from your favorite sporting goods store. There are several hundred different sizes, styles, and colors. Here are just a few.

    • Mayfly
    • Mayfly Nymph.
    • Gold Ribbed Hare’s Ear
    • Caddisfly Hatch.
    • Caddis Larve.
    • Zwing Caddis.
    • Stonefly
    • Stonefly Nymph.
    • Sparkle Body Stone.
    • Terrestrials Hatch. A)
    • Ant.
    • Chernobyl Ant.
    • Midges,
    • Scuds and
    • Leeches.
    • Midge Pupa.
    • Chironomid Pupa.
    • Dragonflies and
    • Damselflies.
  • Dragonfly Nymph.


You don’t always need a net — but it’s a good idea to have one on hand for when you finally land that enormous joyful trout. Most net bags used to be made out of nylon, but they were sharp to thrashing fish and to catch your flies. So try to make sure you buy a net with a rubber bag. “It’s easier on the fish and easier to get your fly out if it gets caught,


Vision is essential when you’re flying fishing — so you don’t want to stint on your eyewear. A good pair of polarized sunglasses will reduce your frowning. This will also sharpen the contrasts on the water and protect your eyes from a naughty fly’s hook. “You want to get polarized amber sunglasses the best you can afford.

 Wading Boots:

In warm weather, you might see a pair of shorts and Tennis shoes during the fishing season. But balancing on rocks in icy water can be bad, so a good pair of wading boots is smart. It looks like a pair of hiking boots, the wading boots provide grip on slippery rocks while covering your waders. When buying wading boots, be sure the boots are lightweight and have a rubber sole.


Waders should fit on your body like a pair of waterproof overalls. This will allow you to walk into water up to your chest without getting wet or cold. As with your wading boots, fit — and comfort — is key. “You want a pair of waterproof, breathable waders that fit.

How To Catch A Fish:

There are several steps you will need to follow in order to catch a fish. First, you will need to find some fish then you need to cast the rod. Now you need to set the hook, land the fish, and carefully release the fish if you are not keeping it.

How To Find Fish:

When trying to find some fish you must first know the needs of fish. When you understand what a fish needs you will be able to better locate fish in a body of water.

Fish have a few basic needs including:


Fish need oxygen like every other creature on earth. If water does not have the correct amount of oxygen the fish will not be able to live in it. To find water that is suitably oxygenated look for signs such as waterfalls, turbulence, and brightly colored plants. Avoid places that are polluted, have sewage runoff or decaying plants.

Temperature :

Fish depend on their environment to help regulate their body temperature. So you will need a water temperature that is within their favored range. The temperature will also play an important role in the right amount of oxygen as well.

Cooler water provides a lot more oxygen than warmer water does. During summer fish will often move away to the deeper area of water because it is more oxygenated than warmer water. That is why fish tend to feed in the early mornings and at sunset when the water is cooler.

During the heat of the day, you will need to use baits that can reach the middle or the bottom of the water article.

Some fish such as northern pike and trout tend to thrive better in cooler waters. Fish like largemouth bass seem to do better in warmer water. Knowing what water temperature your target fish species likes will help to locate where they are.

Protection from predators :

Fish has a lot of predators even with other fish. So you will need to look for places that offer good cover. The cover can be many things such as grass, lily pads, flooded trees, damage banks, or even deep water.

Comfortable Current:

Fish are lazy and they like to be comfortable. Strong current is exhausting for fish and will thus look for slower currents and even relaxed water.

Look for fish any place the current is broken up will be a good place. Big rocks and downed trees are great places to fish as they break up the current allowing the fish to fall out.

A Solid Food Source:

Fish also need to find food because they have to eat too. Fish will go behind the food. Therefore you want to locate the possible food sources in a body of water. Look for flies and insects because normally if there is food there will be fish.

How To Set The Hook:

A process of setting the hook takes some practice. A common rule to is to wait until you can feel the weight of the fish before setting the hook. If the fish is only biting at your flies and not biting it you won’t get a hook set and will possibly spook the fish.

Keeping slack out of your line will help to increase feeling so you can feel when a fish takes your flies and will also put you in a good position to set the hook.

To set the hook, make sure your line it mock and quickly pull your rod upwards. Simple enough But knowing when to set the hook is difficult even for experienced fishermen. Sometimes it is difficult to tell if what you’re feeling. Sometimes you think is it a fish or something in the current, or a fish that simply hits your line.

How To Land A Fish:

After you have hooked a fish you will want to begin reeling it in. Depending on the size of your fish you catch you might have to fight the fish for some time. To fight your fish you might have to let out more line or adjust your drag. This is to keep the fish from breaking the line. Once you get the fish near the bank or boat you will want to use a net to scoop up the fish.

Smaller fish such as crappie and even bass can be taken by hand. Fish such as pike, a net is a necessity because they have sharp teeth that can do you serious damage. To net, a fish put the net in the water and try to lead the fish headfirst into the net. Don’t charge the fish with the net as this can cause injury to the fish or let him get away.

How To Properly Release A Fish:

When you are releasing the fish you want them to stay alive. So you need to make sure you are releasing the fish carefully. You should always try to make sure that you are not injuring them. When you try releasing fish always use wet hands or rubber gloves. Fish have a slimy outside layer that protects them from infection and aids in swimming. You don’t want to remove this outer layer so do not use things like towels to handle fish.

Try and keep fish straight as much as possible because this is how they naturally swim through the water. Try as much as possible keep your fingers away from the eyes and gills of the fish.

When releasing a fish remember time plays an important part. You want to get them back into the water as soon as possible. Release your fish head first into the water this will force water through the mouth and over the gills to save the fish.

If a fish is exhausted put the fish into the water head first facing into the current if possible. Place one hand under its belly and use the other hand to hold the bottom edge or the tail. Keep this hold on it until the fish is revived and is strong enough to swim off.

Wrapping Up:

This might look like a lot of information but in reality, fly fishing is quite simple. Get a rod, reel, some flies, and a find a body of water with fish.

However, if you want to step up your game and start catching fish there is quite a bit more to it than that.

The actual key to catching fish is to try and understand the fish. You need to know what the fish want and what they really need. Fish like water that is oxygenated, has a comfortable current, has cover from predators, and a good food source.

When trying to catch fish you should really understand what they like to eat. Especially if you are using artificial flies. Something most people don’t talk about is the demands on the area. If a certain area gets fished a lot, fish will be less trusting and may be harder to catch. Fishing is becoming a very big sport and time passer and should be enjoyed by all.

Safety Tips:

Always carry a knife. If you are wearing waders keep that strap tight and be ready to cut it loose if you get pulled down. It is a serious deal and you need to be aware of it and all of the dangers.

Rivers are cold, speedy, and slippery. Be very sure of your footing if you can, and use a wading support stick when you need to. Also, keep a dry set of clothes in the car; you might need them.

When you’re choosing flies to pack for a multi-day fly fishing trip, make sure you’re ready to fish at a variety of depths. If you purchase your flies, use different sizes of drop heads to help flies get down deep.


  1. If you using a boat for fishing, the most important part of boat safety tools is your life jacket. For best fly fishing safety, make sure each person wears one, too.
  2. Check the weather fronts daily—the natural environment is going to change and without notice.
  3. Don’t fish in the areas where fishing is not permitted. These areas are declared “off limits” to protect wildlife, plant life, or for your safety.
  4. Because fishing is experienced in many different environments, evaluate factors to the fishing safety in each environment. Take, for example, the ice fishing safety tip “avoid old ice,” is only important in an ice environment.
  5. Bring with you extra safety items such as water, flashlights, maps, and a cell phone or radio.
  6. You should always wear foot gear that is suitable to the conditions.
  7. Stay dry, warm and protected from the essentials. Wear a waterproof sunscreen. Wear clothing layers that growth outward to include water and wind protection as the final layer.
  8. Try to use suitable pest protection measures, including proper clothing and repellents.
  9. Keep fishing knives sharp and when not in use cover the blade.
  10. Handle fish carefully.
  11. Use caution when removing your flies or streamers.

Apply these simple safety tips for fly fishing to make your fishing experience worry-free.

Preparing, planning, and packing for a multi-day fly fishing trip can be a very good idea. So why not make these things easy on yourself and fish with your friends and family.

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