Fly Fishing For Steelhead in the Winter Here are Some Tips

Fly Fishing For Steelhead in the Winter Here are Some Tips

Winter Fly fishing Rod And Reel

Sometimes the weather can be extreme for Steelhead Fishing

Fly Fishing For Steelhead in the Winter Here are Some Tips. Over the next few months, the steelhead, rivers will get pummeled with fierce storms and high water events.

Then are other times that you may see extremely cold and low water conditions.

Whether you cast for steelhead in the Western States like Oregon or Idaho or in the Great Lakes. It’s a rare day to have an “optimal” situation during the winter.

When the conditions change you will need to adjust your tackle, the water you choose to fish and the way you swing your fly.

Here are a few tips that might help you find some steelhead this winter.

Look For Calmer Water

Regardless of the time of year, water temperature should be the biggest factor in where you decide to focus your efforts.

Steelhead fish are a lot like us, if it’s cold and nasty outside they conserve energy and hang out on the couch.

Couch water as it is called is the slower, soft water that is usually located in the guts and tail-outs of pools.

In the cold months of winter, don’t waste your precious fishing time focusing on fast riffles. The fish rarely live there when the water temps plummet.

That said don’t miss the transition zone at the head of the pools. Look for places where the water slows down just below a riffle as these are often key winter holding locations

Wade Shallow and Cast Shorter

Wade shallow and cast shorter when the water is high and dirty. When the rivers raise the steelhead will oftentimes travel and hold very close to the shore. It’s very easy to walk through the fish.

More so, a short, integrated sink-tip like an Airflo FLO Tip or an RIO MOW Tip will allow your fly to get lower. For more information and prices click on the links above.

These lines will allow your fly to fish all the way into the hang down without getting hung on the bottom. It’s also critical to avoid over-casting a run when the water is dirty.

Keep your casts short, 60’ or less and you’ll be covering the “inside water” very effectively. Plus, you won’t be wasting time swinging through unproductive water.

Because long casts are not required and you’re often standing in the alders when the river is up, a switch rod is a perfect tool for fishing in high water conditions.

 Winter Steelhead

Winter Steelhead fly Fishing
Winter Steelhead fly Fishing

Winter steelhead fishing remember to look for traveling lanes in rising water.

As our rivers rise during a storm, Steelhead will be on the move. Many anglers believe that a moving fish won’t eat a fly.

While a rising river does make finding fish tougher, you can catch fish on the rise.

It pays to fish “pinch points”; places where a steelhead has to migrate through and hopefully slow down enough to take a look at your fly.

A river wide riffle with a soft gut just below it would be a great place to start your search.

Low Water

You will want to wade deep and cast farther in low clear water. During low water periods, steelhead will hold in deeper lies than normal.

Longer Spey rods in the 13’6 to 14’ lengths are the tools of choice when you need to huck to a distant seam. It also pays to fish longer sink-tips that will allow you fish your fly deep and slow.

A 12’ to 15’ tip works wonders for getting down. More so, a longer sink-tip takes longer to un-roll during the cast, which ultimately helps get more distance.

Another Low Water Tip

When the water is low, clear adjustments need to be taken when choosing a fly and terminal gear.  Generally, smaller flies and lighter fluorocarbon tippet are required. 

A standard set-up might include a small egg pattern or nymph pattern fished as a dropper underneath a Stimulator dry fly or some other high floating fly.

 Most of the strike indicators on the market will spook these wary fish and prevent them from taking.  A yarn indicator works as well, however, steelhead have been known to take the dry fly under these conditions

Make Sure Your Hooks are Sharp

It’s a real bummer when you lose a hard-earned fish do to dull hook. Remember to check your hook and be sure to use your hook hone often.

If you’re not already, you need to become obsessed with sharp hooks. If you fish stinger style flies or tube flies rigged as a stinger, which you should be, replace your hook often.

Even if you use a good file you can’t get your hooks as sharp as when they come out of the package.

Fish Your Fly Slow

During the coldest water temperatures of winter, it’s asking a lot of the steelhead to rise dramatically in the water column and chase a fast-moving fly.

This is the time to slow your swing down and be patient on the hang-down.

Intermediate Skagit Heads fly line can be very useful for help getting that slow, seductive swing winter steelhead love. You can check the price here on Amazon

Remember that fly fishing for winter steelhead takes persistence, patience, and confidence. So keep your head down, fish hard and never ever lose hope.

Dean Jensen

I started fly fishing in 1972 and I have learned quite a bit about this wonderful sport called fly fishing and I want to share some of the things that I have learned.

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