What Are The Different Types Of Fishing?

What are the different types of fishing?

Basically, there are two types of fishing,  Saltwater, and Freshwater,  but each of these has several different types of fish in their own category. We will start with the saltwater fish first. 


The first one is bottom fishing, most bottom fishing is done from boats. They use heavy weights called sinkers to take the bait or streamer flies to the bottom. When a fish takes the bait and tries to run away they usually hook themselves. The heavyweights help to keep hook and bait put in high current and waves.

One of the main bottom fish is the Grouper.

The grouper seldom chases its prey, it usually waits in ambush waiting for its next meal to swim by. This makes it easy prey for the fishermen. One of the most common fishing rigs for the Grouper is called fish finder rigs. The most common baits used in this rig are small fish, cut bait or squid. When you hook a Grouper you had better real hard and fast to keep him out of his lair. If he gets back to his lair you will more than likely lose him.


The halibut is a flatfish that lives on the bottom it has a brown back and a white stomach. Live squids and cut bait are used for bait for the Halibut. You should use a large sinker and let the bait sit on the bottom for a while. Then you can slowly lift it up and down a couple of feet or swing it side to side to get some action. When you hook a halibut if you just reel him up slowly it will be easier to bring him.  If you spook him he will be back on the bottom in no time flat then you get to start over again.

Red Snapper:

The Red Snapper is a very popular fish because of the fight they give you. Red Snapper usually lives around reefs and old wrecks. Live squids and baits are good for red snapper, make sure to use heavy weights to hold you in the currents.

Sea Bass: 

Sea Bass is another bottom fish that is fun to catch, it does not get as large as some species. But this one is still fun to catch, you still have to use heavy weights to keep your bait down.  There are two different types of sea bass there is the Black Sea Bass and Blue Sea Bass. Live bait along with squid and cut bait are also good for these.


Lingcod is a bottom-dwelling fish and is not a cod at all. They are in the same group as Pacific rockfish scorpionfish and sablefish. They are only found on the west coast of North America and can be found at depths of 1500 feet or more. Did you know that the meat of Lingcod is a blue-green color before you cook it?

China Rockfish:

China rockfish have a blue or black colored body, with a broad yellow stripe running along their side.
The China rockfish usually live in relatively shallow water, 10- to 400-feet deep, on rocky reefs.

They will readily take both bait and lures. China rockfish can be caught in areas with lots of rocks and crevasses. You need to keep the bait or lure very close to the bottom.

Canary Rockfish:

Canary rockfish called this because of their bright yellow to orange mottled bodies. They also have gray undertones and three orange stripes across their heads. They grow to 30-inches long, and have very solid and delectable meat.
Canary rockfish usually run in schools, common along the Pacific Northwest coast over rocky reefs and pinnacles. The larger adults are usually further offshore, with some younger fish sometimes down to 100 feet.


Blue fin Tuna

There are 15 species and they are all saltwater species

  • Albacore tuna
  • Southern bluefin tuna
  • Bigeye tuna
  • Pacific bluefin tuna
  • Atlantic bluefin tuna
  • Blackfin tuna
  • Longtail tuna
  • Yellowfin tuna
  • Slender tuna
  • Bullet tuna
  • Frigate tuna
  • Mackerel tuna, Kawakawa
  • Little Tunny
  • Black skipjack tuna


According to who you listen to there are over  400 different species of sharks according to  https://www.worldwildlife.org/species/shark

This one says more than 465 different species of sharks according to  https://defenders.org/sharks/basic-facts

And this one says over 500  different speciesocean.si.edu/ocean-life/sharks-rays/sharks

The most well known are the great white sharks because of the movie Jaws. there are also well-known ones like sand sharks, bullhead sharks, and several others.


The sailfish is the fastest fish in the oceans. did you know sailfish can get up to 68 miles per hour? Because of their speed and spirited fight along with their large size it makes them trophy hunters favorites.


They are part of the billfish family. There are 10 different species that are of interest to anglers.

  • Atlantic Blue Marlin
  • Pacific Blue Marlin
  • Black Marlin
  • White Marlin
  • Striped Marlin
  • Atlantic Sailfish
  • Pacific Sailfish
  • Longbill Spearfish
  • Shortbill Spearfish
  • Swordfish

There are lots of other species that live in the Saltwater. These are just most of the well known.

Fresh Water:


There are 5 species that live in the Pacific Ocean.

  • Chinook
  • Coho
  • Chum
  • Sockeye
  • Pink.

The Masu and Amago salmon occur only in Asia.

There are only one species of Atlantic salmon, and the members of this species are silver and have large, black spots on their gill covers and back.

Salmon are able to live in fresh and saltwater. Salmon are anadromous which means they can live in both fresh and saltwater. They start out as smolts in fresh water and migrate to the ocean to feed and grow up for 3 to 5 years. Then they start their journey back to where they were born to breed and spawn, then the new smolts start all over again


These fish are in the same category as salmon they are anadromous. They can go to the ocean to feed and grow up then come back the freshwater to spawn. The difference is steelhead can survive to spawn and return for more spawnings where salmon die after they spawn.


Sturgeon are another anadromous species of fish that can live in both freshwater and saltwater.  There are some that only live in freshwater rivers and lakes.

  • Atlantic Sturgeon:
  • Shortnose Sturgeon:
  • Shovelnose Sturgeon:
  • Lake Sturgeon:
  • White Sturgeon:
  • Green Sturgeon:
  • Pallid Sturgeon:
  • Alabama Sturgeon:


There are many different types of trout and they range from the East Coast to the West Coast in the United States. There are also many different types of trout all over the world.

  • Brook Trout:
  • Brown Trout:
  • Bull Trout:
  • Cutthroat Trout;
  • Golden Trout:
  • Lake Trout:
  • Rainbow Trout:


Largemouth bass

  • Largemouth:
  • Smallmouth:
  • Striped

Northern Pike:

Northern Pike is found in the northern hemisphere in freshwater. Their appearance is distinct because of the shape of their bodies. The pike has a long, slender body that is olive green in color and fades to yellowish-white on its belly.


Muskie, or muskellunge, live in the northern United States and Canada. They prefer shallow, rocky water. Muskie can weigh as much as 40 pounds and try a wire leader to combat their ferocious teeth.


Channel Catfish:

Blue Catfish:

Flathead Catfish:

Bullhead Catfish:

White Catfish:


There are 2 kinds of Crappie, White and Black. Both species feed predominantly on smaller fish, including the young of their own predators. These are considered to be one of the best tasting freshwater fish.


Did you know that Bluegill is native to North America? Bluegill lives in the shallow waters of lakes and ponds, along with slow-moving areas of streams and small rivers. They prefer water with lots of aquatic plants and hide within fallen logs or water weeds.


There are two kinds of perch one is the common, or European, perch is greenish with dark, vertical bars on the sides. This fish grows to a maximum of about 6 pounds. The next is the yellow perch is very common about everywhere and can grow up to about 2 pounds.


The name, “walleye”, is because the fish’s eyes point outward as if looking at the walls. This allows the fish to see well in low-light conditions, that is why most people fish for them at night.

Arctic Char:

Arctic Char are a very good eating fish, the crispy skin and their rich meat will make it worth the effort of finding them. They used to be common in New England, you can still find a few but they are mostly up in Canada.

Alligator Gar:

These fish do look a lot like alligators. they are mostly in the southwestern U. S., clear down to Mexico. They do look fierce but they have never been known to attack people.

Dean Jensen

I started fly fishing in 1972 and I have learned quite a bit about this wonderful sport called fly fishing and I want to share some of the things that I have learned.

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