What Type Of Fly To Use For Trout

What Type Of Fly To Use For Trout?

Many people will tell you “we always fish with the same flies”. What type of fly to use for trout, this is a question that gets asked a lot.

What type of fly to use for trout. There are 3 basic types
The dry fly is one exciting type of flies to fish for trout with.
The nymph is considered to be the most productive to fly fish for trout.
Streamer flies imitate food like leeches and minnows.

At first, you need flies quite visible in size (12 or 14). It is true that those present in the Decathlon kit are not very sexy but they are very visible for a start! If you want to buy your own flies here are the most classic models because they are the most takers for tens of years.

Even if a touch of color can sometimes make the difference especially with fluorescent orange, stay in the natural colors for a start. Do not scatter, trust me! Better to have the same fly that works in 10 sizes than 10 different flies that fish do not take.

The Adams:

The Hare’s Ear:

Whether nymph or dry, the hare’s ear fly is probably the fly that you can use first. If you do not know what the fish are feeding on it’s a safe bet. It is also used in several models according to the affinities of each one but as long as the dominant color is that of the hare, you can go for it. A friend always told me that the more fish she takes, the better it is because it becomes shredded.

The French Tricolor:

It is the ideal fly for the beginner, it is passed everywhere to catch the currents because it imitates a large number of insects. It floats high on the water which allows it to be well visible for the novice. I use it less now because it twists the wire if you fish like a (12 or 14. I took a lot of fish in my debut and it is a great classic that all fly fishermen should have in their box.

The Small Olive:

Generally mounted with the feather in duck (which I advise you), it is the fly of the beginning of season par excellence. People use it in all of the rivers of the Northeast. All models are possible as long as the dominant color is olive.

The Gray With A Yellow Body:

The classic for trout. It comes in several models, as long as the body is yellow and the wings are gray you can buy them. Some materials like duck feathers will give it more life, others will add deer hair for better flotation, in the currents for example.


This is also a very good fly for trout fishing. But if you do not happen to have a hatch that day you are cooked! You need 3 flies at least and they have to be big. Like the palmer, this fly can twist your wire if you fish too thin, so consider increasing the diameter of your hook.

You may now ask; which one of these flies should you go for when fishing for trout?

Well, you should remember that their 1000’s of different flies out there, and you can’t carry them all. On the other hand, if we know how to observe the fishermen who are more successful than the others. Then we can also see that some flies are more effective than others. There is one surefire certainty. If you are going ” fly fishing, to catch fish, you have to present fly to a fish”.

First of all, several factors will influence the choice of a fly:

  1. The weather (cloudy, sunny)
  2. The level of the river (high level of spring, low level of July)
  3. Sediment in water (very sedimented water after heavy rain, clear water after several days of good weather)
  4. The time of day (early in the morning, in full day)
  5. The section of the river (fast, deep pit, calm water)
  6. The target fish (rainbow trout, brown, speckled)

1) The Weather:

How does weather influence what flies you should use? In the choice of your flies, remember there is a general rule: dark time = dark fly, clear time = light fly. This rule is applied by the majority of fly fishermen and not without reason. This reason is that it has been tried and tested my many fly fishermen. I am not saying that it is always so because there are always exceptions to every rule

2) The Water Level:

The higher the water level, the bigger the fly. And conversely, if the water level is low, we reduce the size of our flies. If you observe a salmon fisherman fishing when the water is low, he will use versions called “low water”.  which are much less garnished with a more discreet presentation but mounted on salmon resistance. So in the spring, use your biggest flies for trout # 4 and # 6. In the summer, when the water is lower, use the smaller versions # 10 and # 12.

3) Sediments In The Water:

After heavy rain, the water carries more sediment and will be less clear. Its sediments block the sun’s rays in the water. It is wrong to say that trout do not feed when the water is sedimented. Trout has the ability to perceive objects in the water via a transverse line this lets them feel the vibrations. So when her eyesight is lacking, she uses her abilities to detect vibrations in the water. These are two things that you need to consider when fly fishing.

The colors perceived in the water are influenced by the wavelength. This information is important in choosing the colors of your flies. Red is the color having the longest wave and the violet being the color having the shortest wave. So, if the water contains a lot of particles, you will choose a color having a shorter wave (towards the purple). If the water is very clear and limpid, you will choose a color with a longer wave (towards red). So take a few minutes to carefully observe the river.

Longer wave = clear water.

Shorter wave = water with a lot of particles or stained water.

This is one of the reasons that some fly colors are more productive in rivers. Notice the color of the water and you will have an answer track.

The other thing to consider is that if the water is very sedimented, use a larger fly. This will help to create more vibrations in the water and attract more fish

4) The Time Of The Day:

Early in the morning and late at night, it is recommended to use a small dark fly. During the day, we will use our favorite flies depending on the weather conditions and water clarity. It is logical, that the flying insects of the night are all dark, the lighter flies to be used during the day.

5) The Section Of The River:

If you are new, then use flies or streamers in a fast way. This one corrects your faults and allows you to take some fish anyway.

Flies or streamers are used in waters that are moving to make the fly work and make it natural. If the current is not strong enough, then it is necessary to strip the line by little strokes (stripper). This way is best it makes sure that his flies are well adapted to rapids.

Dry flies you need calmer water like small streams or creeks or ponds and reservoirs. So we will put them on a quiet space in the currents or.at the end of a pit while the current loses power. This is where the current is weak and the water quite calm so your fly will lightly float on top of the water.

Nymphs represent larvae, although sometimes they are used in a similar way to a drowned fly. Generally, they will be used to fish in the deeper or faster water of a stream or river. We use a lot of streamers where we fish which is mostly lakes and reservoirs. A bit similar to worm fishing with a fleet.

6) Targeted Fish:

Some fly types are going to be more attractive for one trout variety than another. But most types of flies depends on where you are going to fish.

Dry flies are generally used for the small streams and creeks where you will catch brookies or small trout. They are even used for smaller panfish like crappie, perch, and bluegill.

Having these factors in mind, you should be able to determine which fly to choose when fly fishing for trout.

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